If you are having a lawnmower or a garden tractor in your house then you might be acquainted with U1 group batteries.
U1 batteries are vastly used in lawnmowers, garden tractors, mobility scooters, wheelchairs as these machines’ performance greatly varies on the quality of the battery. Varieties of brands are providing U1 and U1R batteries in the market, which might put a buyer in a great dilemma.
The article below can help you differentiate the differences and similarities between U1 and U1r batteries and keep you out of this trouble.
What are U1 And U1R Batteries?
U1 and U1R batteries are mainly two types of U1 category batteries used in lawnmowers in household areas to take care of the lawn area. Generally, U1 batteries have their positive terminals on the left and UR1 batteries have the terminal on the right side of the battery.
These batteries are about 8 inches long with 5 inches of width and around 7 inches high but this scale is not fixed for every brand. Some crucial points are going to be discussed below which might provide information regarding U1 vs U1R battery.
Terminal Position – The Only Key Difference
To run a lawnmower in your lawn area, be sure to install a U1 category battery. There are two types of U1 battery; U1L and U1R where “L” refers to Left and “R” means Right. This actually refers to the position of the positive terminal.
Therefore, U1L or U1 refers to the terminal position on the right side of the battery. On the other hand, U1R batteries have a positive terminal position on the right side of the battery. One can detect the terminal position by putting the battery label facing him/her.
If the positive terminal is on the left side, then you have a U1 battery and the battery is U1R if the terminal is on the Right side. Different brands provide different Cold Cranking Amp (CCA) or amp-hour in these batteries.
It is important to choose your battery according to the type of mower because the length of wires can create problems if the correct battery is not connected.
Size and Capacity
According to the BCI (Battery Council International), The standard physical dimension of a battery is 7.72 inches, 5.14 inches, 6.14 inches for length, width, and height respectively. But unfortunately, battery manufacturer companies are not that concerned about maintaining the standard size of the battery.
So, it will be wise for you to measure the dimension of your old battery before replacing it with a new one.
Cold Cranking Amps
CCA (Cold Cranking Amps) might be the same for both types of batteries. Cold Cranking Amps means the rating of current your battery can supply in 30 seconds at -18℃ or 0℉ temperature to start the mower maintaining 7.2volts.
The lower the CCA rating in your battery, the lower the chance to start the lawnmower. So be concerned while replacing the U1 or U1R battery from the mower. The approximate amount of CCA in a U1 or U1R battery is 280 – 320 CCA to start the engine properly. You might consider having a higher CCA in the battery especially if you are living in a cold climate.
Moreover, CCA is very essential for gas-powered mowers or tractors because here the battery is only used for starting the engine, and later an alternator recharges the battery like a car battery.
The key elements of most batteries are metal plates and Sulphuric Acid solutions. The plates are submerged in the solution to create chemical reactions and produce current (DC). Most of the metal plates are lead penetrated with antimony for better performance.
But, plates with antimony can cause self-discharge and corrosion of the plates which is not good, therefore, you can select calcium integrated plates to avoid loss of charge and corrosion.
Consider having a well quality casing to assure full protection of the eternal elements in the battery as well as prevent leakage.
Generally, a U1 group battery has around 12 volts to run a lawnmower and the voltage is for a U1R battery similar to the other automotive vehicles. However, some of the batteries are labeled as having higher voltages of 30 – 40 but these mowers are built for heavy tractors.
Moreover, you can also find some 1980s batteries which are made with 6 volts to run a mower. Though these types of batteries are now very rare in the.
U1 vs U1R battery- Interchangeable or Not
There are not many differences in U1 and U1R batteries except the position of the positive terminal in the battery as we explain above. Otherwise, these batteries are most likely to be identical with dimensions, CCA, voltage, etc.
U1 and U1R batteries are interchangeable depending on the battery location of the lawnmower as well as the length of the connecting wire. Because sometimes the wire is not enough to reach the terminal and can be a matter of hassle for you.
It is true that taking proper care of the battery will serve you for a long time. U1 and U1R batteries are easily maintainable. However, depending on the battery quality and type, one can detect whether it needs more maintenance or less.
Some batteries are required to add distilled water in it frequently for better performance, while some batteries are sealed by default that do not require too much maintenance. These batteries also can be purchased at a reasonable price.
Example of U1 and U1R Battery
|Dimensions & Weight
|Weize U1 Battery
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.7 x 5.2 x 7.1)
|Absorbed glass MAt-AGM, Maintenance-free.
|VMAX U1 Battery
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.7 x 5 x 6.6) 25 pound
|Lead-acid solution, AGM technology applied.
|MightyMax U1 Battery
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.7 x 5.1 x 7.2)
|Deep discharge coverage, AGM technology, Pure virgin lead.
|Deka U1R Battery
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.7 x 5.1 x 6.2) Around 25-pound
|High performance, spillproof, leakproof, AGM technology.
|Full Throttle FT438-U1R Battery
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.7 x 5 x 6.57) 27 pound
|Provide quality performance, excellent capacity. A bit expensive.
|CB CHROMEBATTERY U1R-7
|(Length x Width x Height) (7.6 x 5.1 x 6.5) Around 24 pound
|Durable, optimal performance, easy installation, do not cause vibration. Heavyweight.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Are U1 and U1R the same battery?
These two batteries are in the U1 group and just have one major difference that is the location of the positive terminal. U1R has a positive terminal on the right side of the battery.
- How to take care of a Group-U1 battery?
Keep charging the battery regularly. Make sure you clean the terminals frequently, some batteries need maintenance like pouring the battery with distilled water.
- Where should I use U1 and U1R battery?
U1 and U1R batteries are vastly used in lawnmowers, garden tractors, mobility scooters, wheelchairs, and similar types of vehicles.
- How long does a U1 or U1R battery last?
These batteries can work efficiently for up to 4 to 6 years if it is taken proper care of like, charging regularly, keeping it clean, etc. The approximate life span is three to four years.
To keep our lawn neat and clean, we just need a lawnmower that plays a key role in cleaning our lawn. But to keep the lawnmower at its best service, installing a U1 or U1R battery is the best way to run the lawnmower smoothly. So learning the key information about both types of battery might help you to differentiate and choose the best brand of battery among the hundreds of options on the market.
Take a close tour in the middle of the article to know better what should be kept in concern before buying a U1 or U1R battery.