A quantum glass battery is a solid-state battery that uses glass as electrolyte and sodium as the electrodes. It is constructed using sodium or lithium foil as an anode or negative electrode. The cathode or positive electrode is made out of carbon and redox. The positive electrode is coated with copper foil.
The redox-active component differs from either ferrocene or manganese dioxide. Highly conductive glass is formed from the electrolyte of the lithium hydroxide and lithium chloride that is covered with barium. This allows fast charging of the battery except for metal formation.
The Inventors Of Quantum Glass Battery
John B. Goodenough, inventor of the lithium-ion battery, along with Maria H. Braga from the University of Porto in Portugal, has developed the quantum glass battery. They published that the battery is operated by stripping the alkali metal from the negative electrode and re-depositing it at the positive electrode while discharging.
The battery voltage is determined by the redox component. The capacity of the battery is determined by the amount of alkali metal present in the negative electrode. It is drastically different from the function of the lithium-ion battery. Even the materials used here are different and safer for the environment and the user.
The Stage It Is Now In
Though experimental, Braga said they have developed a newer version of the quantum glass battery that uses a special plasticizer solution in the positive electrode that avoids cracking. The new glass battery holds twice the energy as the lithium-ion battery we use today.
This battery can be charged over 13,000 times. Critics have questioned their experimental data that it isn’t constant and shows similar results as the traditional lithium-ion battery. In this stage, Braga states that they have conducted various experiments and have come to a conclusion that the facts are true. The battery does cycle more than 23,000 times of recharge and discharge combined.
What Are the Inventors Saying About the Benefits
The inventors expect the battery to have much denser energy than a lithium-ion battery. They even think that it will be able to operate at lower temperatures such as -20 degrees Celsius. The design is safer and doesn’t consist of the flammable liquids that a lithium-ion battery has, which is a big achievement. The lithium-ion batteries have components that keep the liquid in them stable so it doesn’t catch fire. The glass battery has none of the flammable material hence no need for any precautionary elements. And the battery can be made from even low-cost sodium.
The charging cycle is over 12000 cycles, which is higher than the regular lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries have a charging cycle of fewer than 1000 times.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Is the Quantum Glass battery available in the market?
A. No it is not available yet. It is in its initial stage and will be available soon.
Q. Will the battery be safer and lighter than lithium-ion batteries?
A. Yes. Because it uses no flammable substances, and lesser metal, it will be safer and lighter than the traditional lithium-ion battery.
Q. What will be the price of a Quantum Glass battery?
A. There is still no data on the price. But it will be less than a lithium-ion battery, as the inventors suggest.
Companies like QuantamSpace, Toyota, and Samsung is in the development of a glass battery for years now. As it finishes up, the stocks are high here. Because of the low efficient power consumption and supply, and environmental-friendly features, people are now getting more into cleaner energy. It can be the ultimate solution to global warming and fossil fuel. With the development and rising demand for electric cars, the glass battery will be a huge breakthrough.